Tropical Infectious Diseases
The hot, muggy climate of the tropics is ideal for tropical illnesses. They are caused by viruses, bacteria, and parasites, and they are transmitted through sexual contact, infected food, and water sources. Tropical illnesses can be transferred by insects or other animals through bug bites. The poorest nations in the world are plagued by neglected tropical illnesses, which impact over 1.4 billion people in 149 countries. They cost developing nations billions of dollars annually. Diseases are less prevalent in temperate locations in part because there is a cold season, which drives insects into hibernation and reduces bug numbers. Such illnesses have become more prevalent as a result of human exploration of tropical rainforests, deforestation, increased immigration, increased international air travel, and other forms of tourism in tropical areas.
- Track 1-1 Neglected Tropical Diseases
- Track 2-2 Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases
- Track 3-3 Tropical Medicine and Health