Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

sexually transmitted disease is referred to as an STD. An alternative name for STDs is sexually transmitted diseases (STIs). STDs are sexually transmitted infections that can spread from one person to another through anal, vaginal, or oral intercourse. STDs are caused by viruses, parasites, and bacteria. Blood, sperm, vaginal secretions, and other bodily fluids are all ways that the bacteria, viruses, and parasites that cause sexually transmitted illnesses can pass from one person to another. The transmission of these illnesses from mother to child can occasionally occur outside of sexual relationships, such as during pregnancy or childbirth, blood transfusions, or the sharing of needles.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that impairs the body's immune system, increasing a person's susceptibility to various illnesses and infections. The virus is communicated through contact with specific body fluids of an HIV-positive person, most frequently during unprotected intercourse (sex without the use of a condom or HIV prevention or therapy), or by sharing injectable drug equipment. HIV can develop into AIDS if it is not treated (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).

  • Track 1-1Transmission
  • Track 1-2Prevention
  • Track 1-3Natural History
  • Track 1-4Treatment of Infections
  • Track 1-5Sexual Transmission
  • Track 1-6Sexual Health

Infections brought on by pathogenic microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungus are referred to as infectious diseases and can spread from one person to another either directly or indirectly (vector-borne). An infection is the spread of disease-causing microorganisms throughout the body tissues of an organism, as well as the host tissues' response to the infections and the toxins they produce. An infection-based illness is referred to as an infectious disease and is frequently transmissible or communicable. There are many different pathogens that can cause infections, but the most prevalent ones are bacteria and viruses. Hosts' immune systems can aid in the defence against disease. The innate, typically inflammatory response that mammals have in response to infections is followed by an adaptive response.

  • Track 2-1Influenza
  • Track 2-2Cryptosporidiosis
  • Track 2-3Vector-Borne Diseases
  • Track 2-4Legionnaires’ Disease
  • Track 2-5Human Metapneumovirus
  • Track 2-6Valley Fever
  • Track 2-7Antibiotic-Resistant Diseases
  • Track 2-8 Immunity and Infectious Diseases
  • Track 2-9Clinical Trials

Coronaviruses are a particular class of virus that can affect people and lead to respiratory conditions. The virus is known as "corona" because of the many spikes that resemble crowns on its surface. SARS, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and the common cold are all illnesses brought on by coronaviruses. Immune systems of hosts can help in the fight against disease. Mammalian hosts respond to infections with an innate, typically inflammatory, reaction that is followed by an adaptive response. Infectious disease is the area of medicine that deals with infections. Scientists are still baffled by COVID-19. What is known is that individuals with COVID-19 infection can spread the virus to others before they exhibit symptoms (when they are still "asymptomatic"). If you do develop symptoms, the CDC states that you are no longer contagious 10 days following the onset of your symptoms.

  • Track 3-1Diagnosis
  • Track 3-2Prevention
  • Track 3-3Management

The COVID-19 virus has killed roughly 18 million people. To better understand, treat, and ultimately eradicate COVID-19 and the illness that it causes, researchers are working around-the-clock. The COVID-19 vaccine is being developed as soon as possible while upholding the strictest safety standards by WHO and its partners. Clinical trials normally include three phases, the last of which is intended to investigate the product's capacity to protect against disease, known as efficacy. Vaccines undergo numerous rounds of study and testing. The level of risk is evaluated at each stage. In the past, vaccines have been created via a series of steps that can take years to complete. Due to the urgent need for COVID-19 vaccinations, significant financial investments and scientific partnerships are currently changing the process of developing vaccines.

  • Track 4-1Antivirals
  • Track 4-2Vaccines
  • Track 4-3Clinical Trials

Bacteria are minute, single-celled creatures that are virtually ubiquitous. Every climate and geographic region of the world has bacteria. While some creatures live in the air, others are found in the water or the ground. Plants, animals, and people all contain bacteria on and within them. Despite the negative connotation attached to the word "bacteria," both organisms and the environment depend on bacteria. When a dangerous strain of bacteria grows on or inside the body, it becomes infected. Any portion of the body can become infected by bacteria. Depending on what area of the body is infected, several signs and symptoms of a bacterial or viral infection exist. Both conditions occasionally have extremely similar symptoms.

  • Track 5-1Bacterial Ecology
  • Track 5-2Bacterial Toxins
  • Track 5-3Bacterial Genomics
  • Track 5-4Bacteraemia
  • Track 5-5Immunology
  • Track 5-6Bacteriology
  • Track 5-7Anthrax
  • Track 5-8Biological Weapons
  • Track 5-9Etiology, Pathology, And Pathophysiology
  • Track 5-10Causative Agents of Infectious Diseases

Parasites are organisms that feed on and survive off of other organisms, including your body. They can be acquired by sexual contact, contaminated water or food, or even an insect bite. While some parasite infections are straightforward to treat, others are difficult. The size of parasites can range from tiny protozoa, which are one-celled organisms, to big, observable worms. Infecting humans are parasitic parasites known as human parasites. Plants and warm-blooded animals are not exempt from the effects of parasitic infections. The study of parasitic illnesses, as well as those brought on by fungi and bacteria, is known as parasitology.

Microorganisms, usually referred to as germs, are present in the air, soil, and water. You can find germs in your body and on your skin. A lot of them are risk-free, and a few of them might even be helpful. Some of them, nevertheless, have the capacity to make you ill. infectious diseases caused by microbes.

  • Track 6-1Medical parasitology
  • Track 6-2Immunology and Host Specificity
  • Track 6-3Control of Parasitic Disease
  • Track 6-4Ecology and Epidemiology

Bacterialviralfungal, or parasitic infections that cause sickness. A wide range of species call our body home. They are typically benign or even helpful. But in some situations, some bacteria can make people sick. It is possible for some infectious diseases to transmit from one person to another and are contagious. Numerous diseases can be carried by insects and other animals. Others can be acquired by ingesting contaminated food or water, or by being exposed to environmental organisms. Common signs and symptoms of infection include fever and tiredness, though they might differ depending on the organism that is causing the infection.

  • Track 7-1Communicable Diseases
  • Track 7-2Public Health and Prevention
  • Track 7-3Causes and Symptoms
  • Track 7-4Disease Eradication

A quick, safe, and effective way to safeguard oneself against dangerous infections is through vaccination. By utilising your body's natural defences to develop resistance to particular diseases, it helps to boost your immune system. The same way your immune system produces antibodies when you are exposed to a disease, vaccinations instruct it to do so. On the other hand, since vaccines only include weakened or destroyed versions of pathogens like viruses or bacteria, they do not spread disease or put you at risk of consequences. Your risk of catching a disease is reduced because to how vaccines work in conjunction with your body's natural defences to provide protection. You experience an immunological response after receiving a vaccination. As a result, vaccinations are a clever and secure way to stimulate the immune system without really making people sick. Our immune systems are wired to remember details. After receiving one or more doses of a vaccine, we are typically protected against a disease for years, decades, or even our entire lives

  • Track 8-1Vaccine Research & Development
  • Track 8-2Human Vaccines - Infectious Diseases & Non-Infectious Diseases
  • Track 8-3Cancer and Immunotherapy Vaccines
  • Track 8-4HIV Vaccines
  • Track 8-5Veterinary Vaccines
  • Track 8-6Vaccine Adjuvants
  • Track 8-7Pediatric Vaccines
  • Track 8-8Plant Based Vaccines

Children can contract paediatric infectious disorders, which are contagious illnesses. An infectious diseases specialist is qualified to identify and treat children from infancy through puberty if they become ill persistently as a result of an infectious pathogen. The effects of developmental changes that take place during pregnancy, labour, early childhood, and adolescence will result in the paediatric population using drugs more logically, safely, and effectively. Paediatric infectious diseases specialists address problems of the immune system brought on by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Other paediatric infectious diseases experts are sought for infections that are more complicated.

  • Track 9-1Transplant Infections
  • Track 9-2Severe and Complicated Infections
  • Track 9-3Tetanus and Polio
  • Track 9-4Streptococcal Pharyngitis
  • Track 9-5Scarlet Fever
  • Track 9-6Campylobacteriosis
  • Track 9-7Osteomyelitis
  • Track 9-8Chickenpox and Shigellosis
  • Track 9-9Recurrent and Resistant Infections
  • Track 9-10Bone and Joint Infections
  • Track 9-11Heart Infections
  • Track 9-12GI and Urinary Tract Infections
  • Track 9-13Fevers of Unknown Origins

Viruses are tiny microbes. They are composed of protein-coated genetic material. Common infectious diseases including the common cold, the flu, and warts are brought on by viruses. Additionally, they carry infections including COVID-19, Ebola, and HIV/AIDS. Viruses operate in a manner similar to hijackers. They infect healthy cells and use them to multiply and create further viruses that are similar to themselves. Your cells may be killed, damaged, or altered as a result, making you sick. Viruses attack certain cells in your body, such as those in your blood, liver, and respiratory system. One of the most prevalent illnesses in man is viral infections. Children are expected to experience two to seven respiratory illnesses annually, compared to adults who experience one to three such bouts.

  • Track 10-1Airborne Disease
  • Track 10-2Biological Contamination
  • Track 10-3Blood-borne Disease
  • Track 10-4Clinical Bacteriology
  • Track 10-5Clinical Mycology
  • Track 10-6Clinical Virology
  • Track 10-7Coinfection
  • Track 10-8Emerging and Re-emerging Viral infections

Animal sickness is a change in an animal's regular state that disrupts or modifies important functions. Early religious and magical beliefs reflect a concern about animal diseases that dates back to when humans first interacted with other animals. Animal diseases still cause financial losses and pose a risk of spreading the agents that cause them to humans, thus they are a subject of concern. Veterinarian medicine refers to the field of medicine that focuses on the identification, management, and prevention of illnesses in animals. Veterinarians are responsible for the diagnosis, care, and prevention of disease in sick and injured animals as well as the advice given to owners about how to properly care for their pets. The terms "health" and "wellness" are used in veterinary medicine.

  • Track 11-1Biomarker Identification and Novel Diagnostic Tools
  • Track 11-2Epidemiology of Animal and Zoonotic Diseases
  • Track 11-3Etiological Agents for Animal Diseases
  • Track 11-4Host Tropism and Transboundary Spread
  • Track 11-5Immunology and Host-Pathogen Interactions
  • Track 11-6New and Re-Emerging Animal Diseases
  • Track 11-7Pathogenesis and Biology
  • Track 11-8Vaccines and Prevention Strategies for Animal Diseases
  • Track 11-9Zoonotic Pathogens

In addition to the air, soil, water, and plants, fungi can also survive in other settings. The human body contains some fungus in its normal state. Just like there are advantageous and harmful microbes, there are advantageous and harmful fungi. Since they can survive in the environment and reinfect the person who is trying to recover, pathogenic fungi that infest the body might be challenging to get rid of. Fungi-based infections are common in many aspects of the natural world. Humans get fungus infections when an invasive fungus overpowers the immune system and takes over a part of the body. A fungal infection can strike anyone at any time, and it can develop anywhere on the body.

  • Track 12-1Antifungal Agents
  • Track 12-2Antifungal Resistance
  • Track 12-3Effect of Fungal Infections in Humans
  • Track 12-4Fungal Infections in Plants and Animals
  • Track 12-5Diagnosis and Management of Fungal Infections

The hot, muggy climate of the tropics is ideal for tropical illnesses. They are caused by viruses, bacteria, and parasites, and they are transmitted through sexual contact, infected food, and water sources. Tropical illnesses can be transferred by insects or other animals through bug bites. The poorest nations in the world are plagued by neglected tropical illnesses, which impact over 1.4 billion people in 149 countries. They cost developing nations billions of dollars annually. Diseases are less prevalent in temperate locations in part because there is a cold season, which drives insects into hibernation and reduces bug numbers. Such illnesses have become more prevalent as a result of human exploration of tropical rainforests, deforestation, increased immigration, increased international air travel, and other forms of tourism in tropical areas.

  • Track 13-1Neglected Tropical Diseases
  • Track 13-2Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases
  • Track 13-3Tropical Medicine and Health

Infectious diseases can spread from person to person and are caused by microorganisms like viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites. Despite the fact that infectious disease is an unavoidable aspect of life, there are numerous methods that may be used to prevent infection and treat disease once it has developed. Some basic actions can be taken by individuals, whilst other detection, prevention, and treatment measures are national or international in scope. All are essential to the wellbeing and security of people in localities, countries, and around the world. To stop illnesses from spreading from one person to another, such as from a healthcare worker to a patient or vice versa, infection control practises are crucial. Various methods for preventing and managing the transmission of infection are referred to as infection control in the domains of health care and public health.



  • Track 14-1Handwashing
  • Track 14-2Asepsis
  • Track 14-3Sterilization Methods
  • Track 14-4Standard Environmental Cleaning
  • Track 14-5Early Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases
  • Track 14-6Abstinence
  • Track 14-7Disinfection Methods
  • Track 14-8Reduce Number of Sex Partners

Your body employs the immune response to identify and protect itself against bacteria, viruses, and other potentially hazardous substances. The immune system responds to antigens and recognises them, protecting the body against potentially harmful compounds. Antigens are often protein-based molecules found on the surfaces of cells, viruses, fungi, and bacteria. Non-living things including toxins, chemicals, drugs, and foreign substances are examples of antigens (such as a splinter). The immune system recognises substances containing antigens and either destroys or attempts to destroy them. One of the main methods for alerting the immune system is inflammation, but when this mechanism is interfered with, a long-lasting chronic inflammation forms that is probably damaging to the host. There is an imbalance of inflammatory substances in the blood.

  • Track 15-1Allergy
  • Track 15-2Autoimmunity
  • Track 15-3Cellular and Molecular Immunology
  • Track 15-4Cellular Microbiology
  • Track 15-5Clinical Immunology
  • Track 15-6Host Resistance
  • Track 15-7Immune Development
  • Track 15-8Immune Signalling
  • Track 15-9Immunochemistry
  • Track 15-10Immunogenetics
  • Track 15-11Mathematical Modelling
  • Track 15-12Molecular Pathogenesis
  • Track 15-13Transplantation Immunology
  • Track 15-14Virulence Factors

A drug is any synthetic, natural, or endogenous (originating from inside the body) molecule that affects a cell, tissue, organ, or organism biochemically or physiologically. Pharmacology is a subfield of medicine, biology, and pharmaceutical sciences that studies how drugs or medications work (sometimes the word pharmakon is used as a term to encompass these endogenous and exogenous bioactive species). It is the study of how substances affect either healthy or unhealthy biochemical function in living things. Pharmaceuticals are substances that have healing properties. The two main subfields of pharmacology are pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. While pharmacokinetics studies a drug's effects on biological systems, pharmacodynamics examines how a drug interacts with those systems.

  • Track 16-1Mechanisms of Drug Action
  • Track 16-2Novel Cellular Drug Targets
  • Track 16-3Pathways for Drug Entry
  • Track 16-4Drug Resistance
  • Track 16-5Mechanistic and Phenotypic Screens for Anti-Infectious Agents
  • Track 16-6Pharmacodynamics
  • Track 16-7Pharmacokinetics

A doctor who specialises in internal medicine is called an internist, also known as an internal medicine physician. Preventing, diagnosing, and treating illnesses and injuries is the main focus of internal medicine. Specialists in internal medicine are trained to identify and treat common diseases, acute and chronic illnesses, and challenging diagnostic problems. While they may have additional training in subspecialties like infectious diseases, internal medicine practitioners focus on treating individuals within general medicine. Internal medicine specialty known as infectious disease medicine concentrates on the identification and management of infections. Infectious disease internists are frequently called upon to assist in the diagnosis of unidentified illnesses and manage challenging, unusual, or severe infections, even though general internists and other speciality doctors treat the bulk of infections. A good understanding of infectious disease medicine is required.

  • Track 17-1Adolescent Medicine
  • Track 17-2Adult Immunization
  • Track 17-3Internal Medicine and Critical Care
  • Track 17-4Telemedicine
  • Track 17-5Internal Medicine and Clinical trials

Clinical Case Studies and Reports focus on the study of a single condition or a collection of linked disorders, as well as the critical analysis of such disorders. Because the study may be lengthy, several phases and changes can be described and documented. If these Clinical Case Studies and Reports were properly documented, researchers, doctors, and students would be able to investigate these fascinating cases and assess how the therapy was applied theoretically.

An exhaustive account of a patient's symptoms, signs, diagnosis, therapy, and follow-up is called a case report in medicine. Case reports may include a patient's demographic information, even though they often cover an unique or original incidence. Some case reports may contain a review of related literature regarding previously reported cases.

  • Track 18-1Medicine and Clinical trials
  • Track 18-2Vaccine
  • Track 18-3New drug formulation

Bloodborne infections are caused by microorganisms like viruses or bacteria that can infect humans and spread through the bloodstream. Among the numerous bloodborne illnesses include brucellosis, syphilis, malaria, Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Bloodborne illnesses like HBV and HIV can be spread by coming into contact with infected human blood or other potentially contagious body fluids. Through a variety of channels, such as blood transfusions, sexual contact, open wounds, mucosal membranes, and other routes, these viruses can transmit from one person to another. Health care workers are susceptible to acquiring blood-borne diseases (HCWs).

  • Track 19-1Blood Disorders
  • Track 19-2Contamination of Blood Products
  • Track 19-3Sepsis
  • Track 19-4Infections affecting White Blood Cells
  • Track 19-5Blood Transfusion

Antimicrobial agents either kill or slow down microorganisms. Microorganisms include bacteria, viruses, protozoans, and fungi like mould and mildew. A substance that kills or prevents the growth of germs is known as an antibiotic. The germs that antimicrobial medications are most effective against are used to categorise them. For instance, whereas fungi are treated with antifungals, bacteria are treated with antibiotics. They can also be grouped according to how they serve. Bacteriostatic treatments just prevent germs from growing, whereas microbicides simply kill them.

Drugs that kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria are known as antibiotics, sometimes known as antibacterial. They consist of a wide range of strong drugs that are employed in the treatment of microbiological illnesses. Antibiotics have no effect on viral infections like the common cold, the flu, or the majority of coughs. When used properly, antibiotics are powerful drugs that fight diseases and can even save lives. They either destroy bacteria or stop them from growing.

  • Track 20-1Antiviral Agents
  • Track 20-2Antiparasitic Agents
  • Track 20-3Antibacterial Agents
  • Track 20-4Antifungal Agents
  • Track 20-5Discovery of New Antibiotics
  • Track 20-6Mechanisms of Action and Resistance-Development of Antibiotics

Ebola virus disease (EVD), also known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever in humans and other primates, is a serious, frequently fatal sickness. Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a devastating disease that affects both humans and nonhuman primates. After becoming infected with the virus, symptoms often appear two to three weeks later. Fever, sore throat, muscle soreness, and headaches are generally the first signs. Vomiting, diarrhoea, dermatitis, and reduced liver and renal function are common side effects, and some people bleed internally and externally as a result. The disease kills between 25% and 90% of people affected, with an average death rate of 50%. The most common cause of death is shock from fluid loss, which happens six to 16 days after the first symptoms show. Direct contact with infected body fluids, such as blood from infected humans or other animals, or contact with items that have recently been contaminated with infected body fluids, is how the virus spreads.

Zika virus disease is caused by a virus that is mostly transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes that bite during the day. Fever, rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint discomfort, malaise, and headache are all common symptoms. The symptoms usually persist 2–7 days. The majority of those infected with the Zika virus do not experience any symptoms. In Africa, the Americas, Asia, and the Pacific, Zika virus outbreaks have been reported.

  • Track 21-1Outbreak
  • Track 21-2Epidemiology
  • Track 21-3Transmission
  • Track 21-4Pathological Action
  • Track 21-5Treatment

Chronic diseases, also known as noncommunicable diseases, are long-term diseases caused by a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental, and behavioural factors. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) claim the lives of 41 million people each year, accounting for 71% of all deaths worldwide. More than 15 million people between the ages of 30 and 69 die each year from an NCD, with 85 percent of these "premature" deaths occurring in low- and middle-income countries. Low- and middle-income nations account for 77% of all NCD mortality. Tobacco use, physical inactivity, an unhealthy diet, and the harmful use of alcohol are all modifiable behaviours that increase the risk of NCDs. Although NCDs cause the majority of morbidity and mortality in adults, risk factors are introduced early in life. As a result, NCDs and their risk factors are extremely important to young people. NCDs are rapidly spreading over the world and have reached epidemic levels in many countries, owing to globalisation, industrialisation, and growing urbanization, as well as demographic and lifestyle changes.

  • Track 22-1Immune Disorders
  • Track 22-2Hormonal Disorders
  • Track 22-3Metabolic Disorders
  • Track 22-4Socioeconomic Impact
  • Track 22-5Metabolic Risk Factors
  • Track 22-6Modifiable Behavioural Risk Factors
  • Track 22-7Prevention and Control of NCD

The market for diagnostics for infectious diseases is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 7.2% from USD 28.1 billion in 2021 to USD 39.8 billion in 2026. The rise in early illness detection awareness, the shift in emphasis from centralised laboratories to distributed POC testing, the global prevalence of infectious diseases, the advent of COVID-19, and technological advancements are all contributing to the market's expansion. The frequency of infectious diseases in developed and emerging countries will fuel the market's expansion for infectious disease diagnostics. The detection and treatment of such ailments is the cause of the increased need for diagnostic testing for infectious diseases. These elements, along with the rising trend toward preventative treatment, are anticipated to raise demand for infectious illness during the projection period.

By obtaining, discussing, disseminating, and promoting evidence-based material important to intensivists, Critical Care aspires to enhance the care of critically ill patients. Patients who are critically ill require extensive treatment from a multidisciplinary team. The medical specialty of intensive care assists patients whose lives are in immediate danger, such as when a vital organ like the heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, or nervous system is compromised. The length of a patient's stay in intensive care varies depending on their health and might range from a few hours to several weeks, if not months. Intensive care is frequently misunderstood as a passing fancy, which is sometimes accurate. It is also a long-term specialty for many patients who will be in the services for several days, if not weeks, to allow the organ damage to heal and the patient to be transferred to another service with a lower degree of care.